|Angora Rabbit Fiber:
The soft hair of an Angora rabbit. Used with other fibers it provides a soft hand and a comfortable “fluffy” look.
Bamboo is a cellulosic fiber, i.e. made from wood that uses many chemicals to soften the fiber sufficiently in a very toxic process that is actually very harmful to the environment. Wigwam does not make bamboo socks for this reason.
Fiber made from the activated carbon of recycled coconut shells. Cocona utilizes natural technology that is effective in providing cooling, odor absorption, and UV protection properties.
A cotton fiber that goes through an additional “combing” process so that more of the shorter fibers are removed. This improves the softness and strength of the cotton fiber.
A lightweight, moisture absorbing fiber. No other fabric offers the comfort and the feel of nature’s own fiber. It’s breathable, washable, and biodegradable.
A rubber or spandex (synthetic elastic) that provides extreme stretch and recovery. It is usually wrapped with a man-made filament yarn in order to provide consistency in its stretch and recovery.
A cotton yarn that is put through an additional finishing process (mercerizing) to provide great luster and softness to the yarn and to intensify dyed colors.
A special, fine grade of wool that originally came from Merino sheep. It shares all of the characteristics classic to wool, but what makes Merino wool different is the luxurious softness and comfort provided by its finer diameter as contrasted to larger diameter fibers. Unlike coarser grades of wool, Merino wool is much less prone to itching.
The long, soft silky hair of the Angora goat. It is 2-times stronger than wool and dyes more easily that any other specialty hair fiber.
|Organic Cotton: |
Cotton that is grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides from plants that are not genetically modified. Also see definition for Cotton.
A natural cellulose filament fiber known for its sheen, its soft hand and its high moisture absorption properties.
|Ring Spun Carded Cotton: |
A cotton yarn with good durability and hand (feel); however it is not combed to remove the shorter fibers.
A very smooth, soft fiber. It boasts a high tensile strength and acts as a natural thermal retainer that does not conduct heat. It is naturally antimicrobial and odor reducing. It is the only continuous filament fiber that is naturally generated by a silk worm.
The original, easy care fiber. The crimp in the wool fiber causes it to act like a tiny spring, but coils back to its original position. It features inherent qualities such as wrinkle resistance, colorfastness, shape recovery (resilience) and it breathes with your body. It can be knit in various weights to provide increasing levels of insulation for every temperature. Wool yarn, when knit into a thicker sock, tends to be bulky and lofty. Air becomes entrapped and it becomes an ideal insulator. Wools socks also keep feet drier because wool absorbs as much as 30% of its own weight in moisture before it begins to feel damp.
The process of spinning wool with fibers that are 1.5” to 3” long. Since the fibers are relatively short they are randomly aligned and the resultant yarn has more loft and bulk than worsted yarn.
|Worsted Wool: |
A wool yarn spun under the Worsted system. This type of spinning aligns longer 3.5” to 5” fibers parallel to each other to provide extreme strength and durability.
A generic term for a high-performance, four-channel fiber engineered to move moisture and speed the evaporation of perspiration. It is a superior fabric for wicking action, drying time and moisture transport.
A high-performance, four-channel fiber engineered to move moisture and speed the evaporation of perspiration. It is a superior fabric for wicking action, drying time, moisture absorption and transport.
Dri-release® is a patented technology utilizing an intimate engineered blend of moisture absorbing and moisture repelling fibers. The moisture absorbing fibers pull moisture through the fabric while the moisture repelling fibers push the moisture to the surface of the garment where it can evaporate quickly as airflow moves across the fabric.
A windproof, waterproof, breathable membrane. Microscopic pores in the membrane are small enough to prevent liquid water from penetrating, but are large enough to allow water vapor to pass through for breathability. It is a non-woven and knitted fabric.
Hollofil® Polyester fiber is a hollow fiber. Hollow core fibers trap air to provide warmth and loft. Combines with other fibers, it creates a lightweight, thermally superior sock.
Invista’s brand name for its spandex stretch fiber.
Outlast® is a PCM or Phase Change Material that is combined with acrylic fibers or viscose rayon fibers. The PCM is able to absorb extra heat generated by the human body when it is too warm and releases heat from the human body when it is too cold. Thus it serves as a temperature regulating material. Ideal for use in socks where the person wearing them is engaged in active pursuits. Its properties also reduce perspiration.
|Thermax (CM) Polyester:
Hollow core polyester fibers that prevent heat loss by trapping a layer of warm air around the foot while transporting perspiration to the outer layer of moisture absorbing fabric. It offers great softness and wicking ability.
A lightweight fiber providing breathability and warmth while moving moisture from the body by combining a thermally-efficient polymer and micro-tested hollow core fibers that heat up quickly and retain warmth.
An insulating fiber from 3M® that is breathable, durable and is able to retain most of its insulating qualities even in damp conditions. It is not able to be used for knitting.
An advanced moisture-absorbing acrylic fiber containing micropores that have a capillary capacity to absorb moisture, and then dissipate it by evaporation. It is one of the only moisture-absorbing acrylic fibers on the market. Although it is a lightweight fiber, it has superior insulation qualities and has antimicrobial properties as a result of the fact that the fiber contains chitosan which is the natural material found in the shells of crabs and prawns. One of the remarkable characteristics of chitosan is its anti-bacterial and anti-mold characteristics.
|X-Static® Silver Nylon:
is a layer of pure silver that is permanently bonded to the surface of nylon fibers. It is naturally antimicrobial and neutralizes denatured proteins; two principle causes of odor in footwear. X-Static® also delivers unparalleled thermodynamic properties, helping to maintain warmth in the winter and coolness in the summer. X-Static® is also anti-static and if utilized in sufficient quantity prevents the growth of bacteria and thus can prevent infections.